The origin of Yoga can be traced as long as 5000 years back ! Although it is said to be as old as civilization, there is actually no physical evidence to support this . The earliest reference to Yoga was found when archeological excavations where made in the Indus valley – the most powerful and influential civilization in the early antique period. The Indus Valley in the Indian sub-continent is where early man settled down and progress to-lead a highly civilized life. The Indus Valley in the Indian sub-continent was one of the early centres where man settled down and progressed to lead a highly civilized life.
Scholars believe that yoga grew out of Stone Age Shamanism, because of the cultural similarities between Modern Hinduism and Mehrgarh, a neolithic settlement (in what is now Afghanistan). Until recently, many Western scholars thought that Yoga originated much later, maybe around 500 B.C which is the time of Gautama the Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Then, in the early 1920s, archeologists surprised the world with the discovery of the Indus civilization changed that. Many of the inventions credited to Sumer rightfully belong to what is now known as the Indus-Sarasvati civilization, which evolved out of a cultural tradition that has reliably been dated back to the seventh millennium B.C. The Indus and Sarasvati river valleys of Bharatvarsha (present India and Pakistan) were the home to the ancient civilization of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.
VEDIC YOGA The Sanskrit word veda means “knowledge,” while the Sanskrit term rig (from ric) means “praise.” Thus the sacred Rig-Veda is the collection of hymns that are in praise of a higher power. This collection is in fact the fountainhead of Hinduism, which has around one billion adherents today. You could say that the Rig-Veda is to Hinduism what the Book of Genesis is to Christianity. It is clear from what has been said thus far that Vedic Yoga—which could also be called Archaic Yoga—was intimately connected with the ritual life of the ancient Indians.