Things To Do After Installing Ubuntu 14.04 LTS for Perfect Desktop

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS codenamed Trusty Tahr  released on 17th April 2014. Some things to do after installing Ubuntu 14.04 LTS are given here. This is a quick Post Installation Guide for Ubuntu 14.04.

Canonical focus on security, stability, speed and reliability insted of new features and new experiments in Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. Because Ubuntu 14.04 is a Long Term Support Edition. It gets official security updates  from Canonical for next five years (upto 2019) for both desktop and server edition.  Ubuntu 14.04 LTS is very fast and stable than Ubuntu 13.10. It is coming with a set of new changes and fine tuning that improve the overall experience of Ubuntu.

Ubuntu 14.04 is based on Linux kernel 3.13.9 and Gnome 3.10 is also included. Ubuntu 14.04 will get the latest unity shell with lot of performance and visual improvements.

The isos for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Ubuntu GNOME, and all the other flavors will be released on 17th April 2014.

This guide go through quick setup of a complete desktop and introduce some software for common tasks like audio recording, video recording, photo editing etc.

ubuntu-14-04-desktop

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Post Installation Guide

Ubuntu 14.04 will be released on 17th April 2014. The very first thing to do after installing Ubuntu is just update the system. This will install all the latest softwares and packages available now.

To run the commands listed here Open Terminal (press Ctrl+Alt+T) then copy the command and paste Press Enter. Most of the installations can be done through the software center also. But Command line is a way better and fast than the Graphical Software Center Installation.

This will ensure that you will get the latest Ubuntu. Alternate way – start update manager (it’s installed by default, just search for it) and click on install updates. Or the updates manager will shown with in no time after login.

Install Restricted Multimedia Codecs in Ubuntu 14.04

The next thing is to install restricted extras. It includes Adobe Flash Player, multimedia codecs (w32codecs or w64codecs), mp3-compatible encoding (lame), FFMpeg, extra Gstreamer codecs, the package for DVD decoding (libdvdread4, but see below for info on libdvdcss2), the unrar archiver, odbc, and cabextract. It also installs multiple “stripped” codecs and avutils (libavcodec-unstripped-52 and libavutil-unstripped-49). This is a single command approach to install everything essential to play various multimedia formats.

If you are using Ubuntu: Click here to install the ubuntu-restricted-extras package .

This will download and install a whole set of softwares for ubuntu in single command. It will take some time depending on the speed of internet connection. Keep the terminal live until the process finish.

Install the unrestricted version of libavcodec . It will keep away from any issues or missing codecs in video editors or transcoders. Install unrestricted version of libavcodec by the command below.

Playing Encrypted DVD on Ubuntu 14.04

If you want to play encrypted DVD in ubuntu 14.04 then you should also install CSS (Content Scramble System) decoder/unscrambler. The free software library libdvdcss2 is very popular for reading the encrypted DVDs.

To install libdvdcss2, paste the following commands on terminal.

Install Ubuntu Tweak 0.8.6 on Ubuntu 14.04

Ubuntu tweak a very handy tool to tweak various aspects of Ubuntu 14.04. It provides many useful desktop and system options that the default desktop environment doesn’t provide. With its help, you customize Ubuntu the way you want

Install gnome tweak tool in Ubuntu 14.04

Gnome Tweak Tool is the essential utility for a Gnome 3 desktop environment for changing various settings without much hassle. Gnome Tweak Tool allows us to customize windows look, theme, Fonts and much more etc. Unity shell is run over Gnome environment so this tool is essential .

To install Gnome Tweak Tool open terminal and execute

Click to install Gnome Tweak Tool

Install Unity Tweak Tool on Ubuntu 14.04

Unity Tweak Tool is a settings manager for the Unity desktop. It provides a quick, fast easy-to-use interface to change Unity desktop. It has  access many useful and little known features and settings  of Unity environment that one may want to customize in Ubuntu 14.04.

Unity Tweak Tool allows you to change various Unity settings, like auto-hide behavior, tweak the Dash, the Unity Launcher or HUD, change window snapping and hot corner settings, change the GTK and icon theme, access various font settings and more.

Change Privacy Tweaks in Ubuntu 14.04

In Ubuntu 14.04 the Dash displays recently accessed files and other files found in the system. But you can change the search results by going into Security & Privacy settings in the System Settings. There you can change what to display on Dash.On the Search tab, you can select to disable online search results from being displayed in Dash. You can change each scope by enable on disable on the Search tab in the settings. If you don’t want to see the shopping suggestions and want to preserve your privacy, use the following command in a terminal:

Install CompizConfig Settings Manager in Ubuntu 14.04

CompizConfig Settings Manager helps to tweak some aspects like enable minimize on click for the Unity Launcher . To enable minimize on click for the Unity Launcher install CompizConfig Settings Manager.

Or Click Here to install CompizConfig Settings Manager

After installation just open CompizConfig Settings Manager and click the “Ubuntu Unity Plugin” and on the Launcher tab, enable “Minimize single window applications (unsupported)”. This feature will only work for single window applicaitons.

Enable Localy Integrated Menus in Ubuntu 14.04

Ubuntu 14.04 comes with Localy Integrated Menus (LIM). LIM displayed on the window title for unmaximized windows insted of the global menu. This will provide a quick access to the applicaiton menu for unmaximized windows. By default the application menu will display on the top panel regardless of the state of the window.

To enable Localy Integrated Menus just go to System Settings > Apperance > Behavior Tab > Select Show the menus “in the window’s title bar”.

Internet Browsers and Tweaks in Ubuntu 14.04

Firefox is the default web browser in Ubuntu 14.04. Google Chrome and Chromium (Open Source Project of Google Chrome) are better try.

Enable H.264 support in Firefox

The FFmpeg plugin for GStreamer 0.10 is not available in the official Ubuntu 14.04 repositories (because FFMpeg is not available either – libav is used instead) and because of this, Firefox doesn’t support the H.264 codec. to fix this just install  “gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg” package and its associated libraries. If you are upgraded from previous ubuntu version there pakcages are already inplace but if you are installing a fresh ubuntu you can get the package from a PPA. Add the PPA and install it using the following commands:

Enable Ubuntu Native Notification system in Firefox

Install Chromium Browser in Ubuntu 14.04

Chromium is the opensource project sponsored by google. Chromium browser comes without google specific customizations. Chromium supports all the extensions/themes that you use on Chrome. it’s one of the most popular software in Ubuntu Software Center. To install it type:

Chromium will soon stop using the Netscape Plugin API, and as a result, the Linux Adobe Flash will stop working. To get Flash working in Chromium, you can use the Pepper Flash Player installer (Pepper Flash is extracted from Google Chrome), which is available in the official Ubuntu 14.04 repositories. To install it, use the following commands:

You should install some codecs like FFmpeg for playing multimedia contents on web.

Install Google Chrome Browser in Ubuntu 14.04

Google Chrome is the most popuar  web browser developed by Google. It is very fast and perfectly integrate all google services with it..You can Install Latest Google Chrome Stable on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS by downloading it directly or use the commands below.

Email Clients for Ubuntu 14.04

Thunderbird is the default email client for Ubuntu 14.04. This is created by the mozilla team, people behind firefox.

To import Outlook PST files in Thunderbird:

Install Geary, email client in Ubuntu 14.04

Geary is a neat and clean email client for ubuntu from elementary OS team. Geary is included in the default repository so just open the software center and search for geary.

IM Clients in Ubuntu 14.04

Empathy is the default IM Client for Ubuntu 14.04 . Other IM Clients are pidgin,skype,amsn etc..

Install Pidgin in Ubuntu 14.04

Pidgin is an open source IM application. It can handle various accounts . It is based on libpurple library.

Install Skype 4.2 In Ubuntu 14.04

Skype is a proprietary integrated VOIP and video conferencing program similar to Ekiga. It is a complete audio video chat client for ubuntu. The latest version of Skype is 4.2. To install Skype, first activate Canonical Partner Repository, then install Skype via the Software-Center. Type the commands given below.

Or you can Download skype from official website.

Fix Skypes Theme in 64 Bit

Install AMSN in Ubuntu 14.04

aMSN is an MSN Messenger like IM Client that functions like the original client. To install amsn on Ubuntu 14.04 just run the commands

Video Players in Ubuntu 14.04

The default media player included with Ubuntu 14.04 are Rhythm box and Totem video Player. In ubuntu you will get a set of world leading media players that can handle all type of  videos without any problem. We have three majour players vlc, mplayer, xine.

Install VLC Media Player in Ubuntu 14.04

VLC is one of the worlds first class media players used in all linux distros and in other operating systems. It can handle all the video formats that available now a days.It will play most of the media without any other codec requirements.

–Click Install VLC Media Player

 Install MPlayer/SMPlayer on Ubuntu 14.04

Mplayer and smplayer (mplayer’s GUI) is excellent for video playback. We can try these players as alternatives to VLC. It supports almost all video formats. It needs external codecs installed separately. To Install Mplayer and SMplayer just run the commands given below. These players are available on ubuntu software centers also.

Click to install Mplayer

Click to install SMplayer

FFMpeg in Ubuntu 14.04

FFMPEG is a complete and free Internet live audio and video broadcasting solution for all Linux Distros. It also includes a digital VCR. It can encode in real time in many formats including MPEG1 audio and video, MPEG4, h263, ac3, asf, avi, real, mjpeg, and flash.

To install it on ubuntu Open your Terminal, copy and paste:

You can skip this step when you installed the ubuntu restricted extras.

Gstreammer in Ubuntu 14.04

Open your Terminal, copy and paste (when you get to the EULA prompt press Tab key):

You can also skip this step if you attemplted ubuntu restricted extras.

Music Players in Ubuntu 14.04

There are lot of music players available in ubuntu software center which works out of the box. We can use them to stream, manage music collections, get covers etc..

Install Clementine Music Player in Ubuntu 14.04

Clementine is a music player inspired by Amarok 1.4, focusing on a fast and easy-to-use interface for searching and playing music.It can listen to internet radio from Spotify, Grooveshark, Last.fm, SomaFM, Magnatune, Jamendo, SKY.fm, Digitally Imported, JAZZRADIO.com, Soundcloud, Icecast and Subsonic servers. Search and play songs you’ve uploaded to Box, Dropbox, Google Drive, Skydrive and Ubuntu One.  Transcode music into MP3, Ogg Vorbis, Ogg Speex, FLAC or AAC. Also Visualisations from projectM. Lyrics and artist biographies and photos and more. Lyrics and artist biographies and photos. Edit tags on MP3 and OGG files, organise your music. Remote control using a Wii Remote, MPRIS or the command-line. Version 1.2 released on October 2013.

Click install clementine Music Player

Install Exalie Music Player in Ubuntu 14.04

Exaile is a music manager and player for GTK+ written in Python. It incorporates automatic fetching of album art, lyrics fetching, Last.fm scrobbling, support for many portable media players, internet radio such as shoutcast, and tabbed playlists.Current version is 3.3.2 released on October 2013.

Click install exalie Music Player

Install Audacious Audio Player in Ubuntu 14.04

Audacious is an audio player for gnome. It look and feels like winamp. It has a native GTK UI in the last release. Lot of plug-ins and skins are available for audacious. The best part of audacious is its minimalistic GUI. But it cannot be used as a full fledged music player on Gnome. But it provide a quick solution.

Click Install Audacious

Multimedia Softwares for Ubuntu 14.04

Install XBMC – The Complete Media Center Solution for Ubuntu 14.04

XBMC is the complete Media Center Solution for Ubuntu. It is available for Linux, OSX, Windows and the original Xbox. It has a dedicated ubuntu varient called XBMCBUNTU . Currently XBMC can be used to play almost all popular audio and video formats around.Once installed, your computer will become a fully functional multimedia jukebox. To install it type:

Install Openshot  Video editor in Ubuntu 14.04

Openshot is one of the best existing video editors in Linux. It has a nice inteface to quickly manage videos and create a good time line for beginners. OpenShot can import your videos, photos, and music files and create a video the way you want. Add sub-titles, transitions, and effects, music and then export the video to DVD, YouTube, Vimeo, Xbox 360, and many other common formats.

You can install Openshot from Ubuntu software center or Run the commands

Install Spotify In Ubuntu 14.04

Spotify is a Swedish-founded, UK-headquartered DRM-based music streaming service offering streaming of selected music from a range of major and independent record labels, including Sony, EMI, Warner Music Group, and Universal. The service is, as of November 2011, available in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Install spotify client in Ubuntu using the commands given below.

Install Gtkpod in Ubuntu 14.04

GTK pod is a good ipod manager. gtkpod will support iPod, iPod nano, iPod shuffle, iPod photo, and iPod mini

Install K3b, All in One CD, DVD, BluRay Burning Applicaiton in Ubuntu 14.04

K3b is a full featured disc burning tool which has all the features of Nero Burning rom. The current version support Blu-ray burning also. This is a KDE Application. If you install on Gnome It will download all the KDE Libraries. This will be a real overload.

Install Minitube, Youtube Desktop Client for Ubuntu 14.04

Minitube is a flash free YouTube desktop application for Linux, Mac OSX and Windows. Minitube is perhaps one of the cleanest looking YouTube desktop client I have ever used in Ubuntu.

Click Here to install Minitube

Install Audacity, Audio Editing Suite in Ubuntu 14.04

Audacity is a cross-platform multitrack audio editor. It allows you to record sounds directly or to import files in various formats and convert audio files into many different audio file formats too.

Install HandBrake Video Transcoder in Ubuntu 14.04

HandBrake is an open-source multiplatform multithreaded video transcoder. It is used for converting DVD or Bluray discs to formats like MP4, MKV, H.264, MPEG-4 or other formats. You can also encode audio files like AAC, MP3, Flac, AC3 etc. The latest version available is HandBrake 0.9.9. Handbrake is available in the default PPA. Just run the commands below.

Graphics Packages for Ubuntu 14.04

There are lot of applications available for photo editing, drawing, painting, animation, 3D Modeling in Ubuntu 14.04. Most of them are listed in the software center.  The state of art blender and essential mypaint is coming under graphics. Also dia for diagrams drawing and editing etc. A set of professional CAD softwares are also available in Ubuntu 14.04.

Install GIMP, Advanced Photo Editing programme in Ubuntu 14.04

GIMP is a very good Photo Editing and retouching software that can do gif animations . Will replace your Photoshop in Linux. A lot of plugins, brushes, gradients are avilable for gimp. A newer version gimp 2.8 is available on ubuntu 14.04

Click Install Gimp

For some extra set of brushes, gradients and plugins etc execute :

Install Inkscape, Vector image editing and drawing application in Ubuntu 14.04

A great Vector drawing and logo creating software which will replace Adobe Illustrator or Corel Draw. It can also buid various patterns and svg files. A great tool for every ubuntu artist.

Click Install Inkscape

Install Pinta Image Editor in Ubuntu 14.04

It is a very nice image manipulation program  with some basic features. it’s very easy to handle and it is  most suitable for absolute beginners. it looks very similar to MS paint program.

To install pinta execute the command –

Install My Paint in Ubuntu 14.04

My Paint is a fast and easy digital painting application. Features of My Paint are

  • Designed for pressure sensitive graphics tablets
  • Simple and minimalistic user interface
  • Extensive brush creation and configuration options
  • Unlimited canvas (you never have to resize)
  • Basic layer support

My Paint is in the default repository

Install Blender in Ubuntu 14.04

Blender is the award winning 3D modeling and Non Linear Editing Programme in Linux. Blender supports from character drawing to timeline editing . The Latest version 2.70a is the most powerfull solution for all designing and 3D needs. There is a non linear editing tool set is also coming with blender.

Bit torrent Clients for Ubuntu 14.04

Install Transmission in Ubuntu 14.04

It is the bittorrent client and download manager for ubuntu 14.04

Install Vuze, Torrent client in Ubuntu 14.04

Vuze is the next version of Azureus. It can handle torrents more effectively. Uses Java to run, very complete but a bit heavy. And has a wide variety of add-ons to choose from too. Search and download torrent files. Play, convert and transcode videos and music for playing on many devices such as PSP, TiVo, XBox, PS3, iTunes. To install it type:

Install Deluge in Ubuntu 14.04

The Deluge was designed to be a full-featured BitTorrent client. Deluge uses libtorrent in it’s backend and PyGTK for it’s user interface, and is currently usable on Ubuntu.

Office Packages for Ubuntu 14.04

Libreoffice is installed by default. It includes Writer – A good Document Editor, Calc – A Spreadsheet Editor, Impress – A Presentation Creator and Manager and Draw – A Drawing creator. You can also try Abiword and Gnumeric.

To install LibreOffice PPA

To enable PDF import capability:

To enable Mozilla Office plugin:

Install Adobe Acrobat Reader in Ubuntu 14.04

This will help to read pdf documents more effectively. The default Document Viewer will handle pdf files. But you get more features with this programme

Install Scribus in Ubuntu 14.04

Scribus is a good DTP application to prepare industry standard books for publishing and more …

Install Dia in Ubuntu 14.04

Dia is a good diagram editor. Will help you to create a variety of diagrams like Flow chart, Database, Circuit, Logic, UML etc ..

sudo apt-get install dia

FTP Clients for Ubuntu 14.04

filezilla and gftp are the popular ftp clients in ubuntu 14.04. Nautilus is also support ftp,sftp connections from its line. Connect to server helps to connect to various locations from nautilus itself

Install Filezilla in Ubuntu 14.04

Filezilla is the best ftp client for Linux. It can handle all the FTP needs. Nautilus is also capable of connecting ftp.

Install DropBox in Ubuntu 14.04

Dropbox is a free service that lets you bring all your photos, docs, and videos anywhere. This means that any file you save to your Dropbox will automatically save to all your computers, phones and even the Dropbox website. Dropbox also makes it super easy to share with others, whether you’re a student or professional, parent or grandparent.

Open Terminal and run the following commands

32-bit:

64-bit:

Next, run the Dropbox

Install Google Drive Client in Ubuntu 14.04

There is no official google drive client for ubuntu 14.04 but you can use a tool like Insync (paid), or Google Drive Ocamlfuse, a tool that lets you mount Google Drive in Linux. To install Google Drive Ocamlfuse in Ubuntu 14.04, use the following commands:

After installation you need to authorize the client with Google to access the account. run the command to start the programme

And mount Goole Drive using the command below:

More info: Mount Google Drive In Linux With google-drive-ocamlfuse

Install Java in Ubuntu 14.04

Java is required to run programmes based on java.  Most users will only need OpenJRE and the Java browser plugin which you can install directly from the default ppa.

Use the following command:

..

Miscellaneous Applications for Enhance your Ubuntu 14.04 Desktop

Some applicaitons like cheese,xsane,stellarium,unrar,p7zip are nice applications for enhance your desktop.

Cheese – Take Photos and Record Videos Using Webcam

Cheese is a must install especially if you are a laptop user, since most laptops/netbooks have a webcam these days. Cheese is a simple application that lets you take photos and record videos using your webcam.

Xsane – A Scanner application for Ubuntu

Xsane is a great tool for your scanner control. This tool will help to scan documents and pictures effectively. You can control resolution, brightness, contrast etc …

Stellarium

Stellarium is a real-time 3D photo-realistic nightsky renderer. It can generate images of the sky as seen through the Earth’s atmosphere with more than one hundred thousand stars from the Hipparcos Catalogue, constellations, planets, major satellites and nebulas. Near 40 MB.

Rar, Zip applicaitons for ubuntu 14.04

If you are downloading from the internet, you know how various forms archives can have. Installing the following will allow you to deal with most of these.

Install Y PPA Manager for Ubuntu 14.04

Y PPA Manager is a GUI tool to easily add PPAs, search a package in all Launchpad PPAs, remove duplicate PPAs (only works with separate .list files), backup PPAs and other PPA-related tasks. features of Y PPA Manager:

  • list the packages available in a PPA added on your system;
  • download packages from PPAs without adding them;
  • PPAs backup / restore, along with all the PPA keys;
  • update single repositories using a command line tool (by the way, when you add a PPA using Y PPA Manager, it’s updated without updating all the software sources) called “update-ppa” – usage example: “sudo update-ppa ppa:webupd8team/java”;
  • some options that should help you re-enable the working PPAs when upgrading to a newer Ubuntu / Linux Mint version;
  • remove duplicate PPAs;
  • Unity quicklists / optional AppIndicator;

Samba Server

Samba is the windows share folder manager. You can add windows shares using samba server

Wine The windows Environment –  install windows programmes into Ubuntu 14.04

If you want to install and run windows programmes under ubuntu 12.04 you need a windows environment emulator programme called wine.

  • Support for multiple icon sizes in wine menu builder.
  • Improvements to the help browser.
  • Initial stab at DOSBox integration.
  • Various MSI fixes.
  • Some fixes to the Wine debugger.

Install AppIndicators in Ubuntu 14.04

Google Calendar Indicator
Pindgin Indicator
My Weather Indicator

To install it in Ubuntu 14.04, use the following commands:

Variety Wallpaper Changer

To install Variety in Ubuntu, use the following commands:

Cpufreq indicator

Note that Cpufreq Indicator doesn’t work with Intel P-State.

Ubuntu 14.04 Laptop tweaks

Improve battery life in Ubuntu 14.04

TLP is an advanced power management command line tool for Linux that tries to apply these settings / tweaks for you automatically, depending on your Linux distribution and hardware. To install TLP in Ubuntu 14.04, use the commands below:

For more information, see our article on TLP.

This is a quick to do list after install ubuntu 14.04 in your system. Some of the part of this guide is used to find alternative softwares in ubuntu for various tasks. To install all these packages a good internet connection is a must. There are lot of applications for every purpose like scientific computing, Integrated Development Environment etc… You can try all these softwares from ubuntu software centre.  Just search for the application and click install.

Share what are the things you installed after installation of Ubuntu 14.04

Other Todo Guides for ubuntu 14.04 on the net

  • Web Upd8
  • OmgUbuntu
  • Debian Help
  • Enqlu
  • ItsFoss

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